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Myopia: A Comprehensive Look through Modern Ophthalmology and Shalakya Tantra


Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a prevalent vision disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. In this condition, the affected individual has difficulty focusing on distant objects, while close objects can be seen clearly. This article delves into myopia from the perspectives of modern ophthalmology and Shalakya Tantra, an ancient Indian science of eye care.

Modern Ophthalmology Perspective

In modern ophthalmology, myopia occurs when the eyeball is elongated, or the cornea has excessive curvature, causing light to focus in front of the retina instead of on it. This results in blurred vision for distant objects. Myopia is typically diagnosed using a refraction test, and its management involves corrective eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery, such as LASIK and PRK.

Shalakya Tantra Perspective

Shalakya Tantra, one of the eight branches of Ayurveda, deals with the study and treatment of diseases related to the head, neck, and sensory organs. In Shalakya Tantra, myopia is referred to as "Drushti Daurbalya," which signifies the weakening of the visual power. The primary cause of myopia in Ayurveda is an imbalance of the Vata and Pitta doshas, along with dietary and lifestyle factors. The treatment focuses on restoring the balance of doshas and improving overall eye health.

Ayurvedic Medicines and Treatment Protocols

Ayurvedic treatment for myopia aims at correcting the imbalance of doshas and strengthening the eye muscles. Some of the commonly used Ayurvedic medicines for myopia include (Caution: Self medication is strictly prohibited here, information for knowledge purpose only):

  1. Triphala Ghrita: A medicated ghee made from three fruits - Amla, Haritaki, and Bibhitaki. It is consumed orally or used as eye drops to improve vision and eye health.

  2. Saptamrita Lauha: A combination of herbs and minerals that nourish the eyes and improve vision.

  3. Chandrodaya Varti: An Ayurvedic eye ointment that helps in reducing inflammation and improving vision.

  4. Customized eye drops prepared from natural herbs.

Ayurvedic treatments for myopia may also include:

  1. Nasya: Nasal administration of medicated oils to cleanse and rejuvenate the sensory organs.

  2. Tarpana: A rejuvenating eye treatment using medicated ghee to strengthen the eye muscles.

  3. Panchakarma: A detoxification process that cleanses the body and helps restore the balance of doshas.


Myopia is a common vision disorder that can be approached from various perspectives. Both modern ophthalmology and Shalakya Tantra provide insights into the causes and treatments of myopia. In addition to conventional treatments like eyeglasses, contact lenses, and surgery, Indian medicine systems such as Ayurveda offer a range of options for myopia management. Ayurvedic therapies focus on holistic healing and addressing the root causes of the condition, aiming to improve overall eye health and well-being.

It is essential to consult with qualified healthcare professionals before starting any alternative treatments for myopia. Individual cases may vary, and the most effective treatment plan is one that is tailored to the patient's specific needs and circumstances. By understanding the various perspectives and treatment options available, individuals with myopia can make informed decisions about their eye care and work towards better vision and overall eye health.

- Hemanth Kumar G

Brahmi Ayurveda Clinic,

Near Head Post Office,

Chikkamagaluru, Karnataka, India


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